An Overview of Phytochemical, Therapeutic, Pharmacological and Traditional Importance 
of Syzygium cumini

Prachi Agarwal, Praveen Kumar Gaur, Nidhi Tyagi, Dinesh Puri, Nitin Kumar, S.Sadish Kumar

Syzygium cumini, generally bearing small black-purple drupes, is indigenous to Indian subcontinent and has diverse biological activities. It is also known as “jambul” & “kala jamun” in India. It belongs to the family Myrtaceae, the members of which have often antidiabetic, antiinflammatory, anti-pyretic, anti-oxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, antibacterial activities. Syzygium cumini has traditionally been used for its rich nutrition and medicinal value. It has diverse pharmacological actions. Different parts of plant (like bark, leaves, seeds, fruit etc.) have been used medicinally in treatment of various diseases. Seeds of Syzygium cumini have showed as antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antidiabetic activities. Leaves of Syzygium cumini have been used for their antibacterial & antidysenteric actions. Seeds of Syzygium cumini have been used as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, & anticancer. Bark of Syzygium cumini has been used as diuretic. The ripe fruits of Syzygium cumini were found to have cardiovascular effects like hypotensive, vasorelaxant & antihypertensive in rats. Syzygium cumini has been used in diabetes since ages. Apart from this, it has also shown anti-allergic, anti-fungal, antibacterial, anticancer, anticlastogenic, antidiarrhoeal, antifertility, antihyperlipidemic, antihypertensive, radioprotective, chemoprotective, and hepatoprotective effetcs. This review will provide a platform for future researchers to describe the existing data on the information on traditional and medicinal use of the Syzygium cumini plant.

Keywords: Syzygium cumini; antidiabetic activity; antibacterial; hepatoprotective