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Common medicinal plants of Nepal: A review of Triphala: Harro (Terminalia chebula), Barro (Terminalia bellirica), and Amala (Emblica officinalis)
Saru Gahatraj, Bipana Bhusal, Kabita Sapkota, Bijaya Dhami, Deepak Gautam

Abstract: The chronicle of the medicinal plants has been widely acknowledged in terms of serving mankind all around the world. Medicinal plants are reported to have reduced or fewer chances of side effects as allopathic medicines. This article is aimed to review and demonstrate the conventional and medicinal utilization of the three constituents of Triphala. Triphala is a polyherbal formulation in Ayurvedic medicine. It comprises an equal proportion of the three medicinal plants namely Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, and Emblica officinalis. Triphala is supposed to be significantly effective in coping with the complication of human body systems. It is well known for detoxifying the human body and also boosting the immunity system. Terminalia chebula, also referred to as ‘King of Medicines’, is a well-known remedy in abdominal disorders and revitalization of the human systems. Terminalia bellirica has got importance from its curative potentials. The different parts of the Terminalis bellirica have been used in the therapeutic cures. Likewise, Emblica officinalis is widely accepted for its efficacy in cooling effect, anti-venom effect, and cardioprotective effect. It is an integral part of the medicine that supports wellness and healthy aging.

Keywords: Ayurvedic medicine, Anti-bacterial activity; Antimicrobial activity Traditional use