The medicinal use of Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in Cambodia
Kimleng Bov, Marina Hul, Pheng Bun, Samell Keo

Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. (Khmer name: Khmanh) belongs to the family Asteraceae, and it is also known as Eclipta alba Hassk., and Eclipta erecta Lam. Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. is an erected or diffuse herb, 10 - 80 cm high (Dy, 2000). The stem is cylindrical or flat and rough due to appressed white hairs; its nodes are distinct and greenish or brownish. The leaves are opposite, sessile to subsessile, 2 - 6.2 cm long, and 1.5 - 1.9 cm wide; it is oblong, lanceolate, sub-entire, acute to subacute, and strigose with appressed hairs on both surfaces (Vikaspedia, 2020). Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., native to Cambodia, is widely distributed in the tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate regions (CAB International, 2020). Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. is commonly known as a therapeutic agent treating various diseases including hepatitis, snakebite, alopecia, respiratory disorders, inflammatory diseases, and gastrointestinal disorders (Rana, 2020). This ethnopharmacological note is aimed at reporting the medicinal use of Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. in the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) in Cambodia. 

Keywords: Eclipta prostrata (L.) L., Inflammatory Bowel Disease, wedelolactone, antiinflammatory activity